Understanding the Difference Between AC and DC

by | Jun 15, 2023 | Blog

Anytime you use something electrical, it utilizes AC (alternate current) or DC (direct current) power. The one you’re using depends on which way the electrons flow. Understanding the difference between AC and DC power can help you figure out which one is best for your needs.

What Is Alternating Current?

An alternating current is an electric current that flows in two directions and occasionally changes direction to form an up-and-down wavelength, or a sine wave. The current change frequency determines its electrical frequency. If the current changes directions 60 times throughout a cycle, it operates on 60Hz. Alternating currents are most common among electrical plugs and outlets for electronic devices, appliances, chargers, or other electronic devices.

What Is Direct Current?

Unlike alternating current, which frequently changes direction, direct current only moves in a singular direction at a steady voltage that’s easier to monitor. DC power is common in objects that utilize batteries, such as a remote control, a smartphone, or even a vehicle.

Differences Between AC and DC

Understanding the difference between AC and DC is about more than knowing where the power comes from and how it moves. Many significant differences may help you determine which one is better for your needs.

We use alternating current for electrical devices because it easily moves long distances, across entire cities, without losing power. Direct current requires relative proximity to the original source, as the power weakens the farther it moves. Because AC moves at a different frequency, you may require a frequency converter to use devices from other regions safely. Direct current typically has no frequency and is safe to use between regions.

If you need more information on a 50Hz to 60Hz power converter for alternating current, Visicomm Industries is here for you. We’re the leading supplier of industrial frequency converters in both rotary and solid-state models. Don’t hesitate to contact us anytime, and we’ll be happy to address your questions or concerns.